Canadian citizens and permanent residents living in Canada, 18
years of age or older, may sponsor close relatives or family members who want
to become permanent residents of Canada. Sponsors must promise to support the
relative or family member and accompanying family members for a period of
three to 10 years to help them settle in Canada.
If you live in Quebec, please contact Quebec Immigration for information on how to sponsor a relative or family member.
The Canada-Quebec Accord provides information on Quebec's
responsibilities for immigration.
You can sponsor relatives or family members from abroad if
- spouses, common-law or conjugal partners 16 years of age
- parents and grandparents;
- dependent children, including adopted
- children under 18 years of age whom you intend to
- brothers, sisters, nephews, nieces or grandchildren who
are orphans, under the age of 18 and not married or in a common-law
- any other relative if you have none of the above relatives
or family members, either in Canada or abroad.
A son or daughter is dependent when the child:
- is under the age of 22 and does not have a spouse or
- became a full-time student before the age of 22 and has
been substantially dependent on a parent for financial support since that
- is financially dependent on a parent since before the age
of 22 because of a disability.
You may also sponsor a spouse or common-law partner who has
legal status in Canada.
A common-law partner is a person of the opposite or same sex with whom you are in a
conjugal relationship and who is currently cohabiting with you and has done so for
at least one year.
Sponsoring a Relative or Family Member
If you want to sponsor any of the above listed relatives or
family members, you may have to meet certain income requirements. If you have
previously sponsored relatives or family members who have received social
assistance, you may not be allowed to sponsor another person. Sponsorship is
a considerable commitment so you should take this obligation
To sponsor a relative or family member you must sign a legal
contract with the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration. This is called an
Undertaking. You must also sign a Sponsorship Agreement with your relative or
family member that outlines your mutual commitments to each other.
Applying as a Sponsored Immigrant
If you wish to become a permanent resident of Canada, your
relative or family member in Canada must first apply to sponsor you. You must
be one of the relatives or family members listed above to be eligible for
Both you and your sponsor need to sign a Sponsorship
Agreement. The Agreement outlines your mutual obligations to each other. Your
sponsor must promise to support you and your family members financially for
three to 10 years so that you will not need to apply for social assistance.
You must promise to make every effort to become self-supporting (unless you
Applications for Sponsorship and Immigration to Canada from Abroad
Before your relative or family member can immigrate to Canada,
you must sponsor that person. Your relative or family member must then apply
Applications for Sponsorship and Immigration from Within Canada
In some cases, you may sponsor a spouse or common-law partner
who is already living with you in Canada.
New Policy Announced for
Sponsorship of Spouses and Common Law Partners Within Canada
your immigration status in Canada, you may use the
application package Applying for Permanent
Residence from Within Canada: Spouse or Common-law Partner in Canada Class
- You are in a bona fide
marriage or common-law relationship
with a Canadian citizen or permanent
- You live with your spouse or common-law partner in
- Your spouse or common-law partner wants to
sponsor you (and your dependent children) for permanent
residence in Canada.